The dynamic network of interlinked trading powers and agents of the Middle and Late Bronze Age Near East featured not only the complex interactions of people and groups, but also of concepts and ideologies. Among the most prominent were those related to storm deities, whose roles included the control over weather phenomena and the sea, as well as links to kingship and diplomacy. As the paper discusses, the increasing Egyptian encounters with these concepts during the Middle and New Kingdoms evidently led to the transformation of the Egyptian storm god. Through the progression of cultural, social, and political events from Dynasties 12 to 19, certain elements in the conceptualisation of Seth were influenced and inspired by Near Eastern perceptions of the storm deity, the reasons for which are explored in the talk. Those of the late Twelfth to Fifteenth Dynasty were particularly instrumental in this transformation, with evidence indicating that the process of Seth’s syncretisation with a Near Eastern storm god had already initiated before the New Kingdom.
6 Apr 2018
11th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East