Relationship between physical self-efficacy, physical self-concept, and physical activity in children and adolescents with Osteogenesis Imperfecta: a cross sectional study

Annabel Price (Speaker), Isabelle Theophile (Speaker), Anna Chmielewski (Speaker), Max Lozano (Speaker), Craig Munns (Speaker), Pacey, V. (Speaker), Jones, T. (Speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentationOral presentation

Description

Questions: What barriers impact on participation in physical activity in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), from child and parent perspectives? Is there congruence between the barriers identified by children and their parents? Is there any association between the reported barriers and the amount of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in these children?
Design: Cross-sectional, observational study.
Participants: Twenty-seven Australian children, aged 7-17yrs, with a confirmed diagnosis of OI. Outcome measures: Child and parent specific questionnaires were used to identify attitudes and frequency of barriers to physical activity. The Actigraph GT3XE was used to record average daily MVPA data for a seven-day period.
Results: Children reported an average of 8 barriers, with advice from a health care professional to avoid physical activity for safety reasons (70%) being the most frequently identified. For parents, fear that physical activity will cause their child pain (78%) or to fracture (78%) were the most frequently reported barriers. There was a moderate correlation between overall frequency of barriers reported by children and their parents (Tb = .327, p = .024) but no significant correlation between the frequency of barriers identified by children or parents and average daily MVPA (Tb = -.053, p = .784, Tb = -.122, p = .524 respectively).
Conclusion: This is the first study to examine barriers to physical activity in an OI population, and the largest to assess daily average MVPA. These results suggest health professionals should closely consider how physical activity recommendations are delivered to families to ensure children with OI understand how to maximise physical activity while maintaining safety, and to reduce parent fears.
Period23 Sep 2016 - 24 Sep 2016
Held at1st Asia Pacific Bone Disorders Symposium
Event typeConference
LocationMelbourne, Australia