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Personal profile


I completed my Bachelor of Psychology (Honours) in 2011 at Macquarie University working with Dr Jon Brock. For my honours project, I used eye-tracking to investigate the ability to integrate context during reading. Specifically, I was interested in the relationship between this ability and subclinical autistic traits.

I commenced my PhD in 2012 under the supervision of A/Prof Genevieve McArthur, Dr Jon Brock, and Dr Alexandra Woolgar.

During my PhD, I developed new virtual reality paradigms to investigate the cognitive and neural mechanisms of joint attention and social interaction in typical development and in adults diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In my research, I use a range of techniques, including, eye tracking, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalography (EEG), and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). 

I completed my PhD in 2015 and began a 2-year joint postdoctoral fellowship with the Perception in Action Research Centre and the ARC Centre for Cognition and its Disorders at Macquarie, where I worked on a number of eye-tracking and fMRI projects investigating the neural mechanisms of gaze processing and gaze-based communication in adults with schizophrenia and typical development.

Aside from my research in social cognition and neuroscience, I am also involved in a number of literacy research projects investigating reading and spelling in adults and adolescents.

External positions

Reviewer, Cognitive, Affective and Behavioural Neuroscience

2018 → …

Reviewer, Social Cognition and Affective Neuroscience

2015 → …

Reviewer, NeuroImage

2014 → …

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Research Outputs

Appearance-based trust processing in schizophrenia

Sutherland, C. A. M., Rhodes, G., Williams, N., Connaughton, E., Ewing, L., Caruana, N. & Langdon, R., 6 Sep 2019, In : British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Intact prioritisation of unconscious face processing in schizophrenia

    Caruana, N., Stein, T., Watson, T., Williams, N. & Seymour, K., 2019, In : Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 24, 2, p. 135-151 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Citations (Scopus)

    No influence of eye gaze on emotional face processing in the absence of conscious awareness

    Caruana, N., Inkley, C., Zein, M. E. & Seymour, K., 7 Nov 2019, In : Scientific Reports. 9, 1, p. 1-8 8 p., 16198.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 1 Downloads (Pure)

    Responding to joint attention bids in schizophrenia: an interactive eye-tracking study

    Caruana, N., Seymour, K., Brock, J. & Langdon, R., 1 Aug 2019, In : Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72, 8, p. 2068-2083 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Should I trust you? Autistic traits predict reduced appearance-based trust decisions

    Hooper, J. J., Sutherland, C. A. M., Ewing, L., Langdon, R., Caruana, N., Connaughton, E., Williams, N., Greenwell-Barnden, J. & Rhodes, G., Nov 2019, In : British Journal of Psychology. 110, 4, p. 617-634 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Citations (Scopus)


  • Postgraduate Research Grant - Commendation

    Nathan Caruana (Recipient), 2014

    Prize: Honorary award

    Postgraduate Research Grant - Commendation

    Nathan Caruana (Recipient), 2015

    Prize: Honorary award

    Press / Media

    Virtual Reality May Reveal New Clues about Autism Social Difficulties

    Nathan Caruana & Jonathan Brock


    1 Media contribution

    Press/Media: Research

    Virtual reality yields clues to social difficulties in autism

    Nathan Caruana & Jonathan Brock


    1 Media contribution

    Press/Media: Research