Niloufer Selvadurai

Professor, Director of Research and Innovation, Macquarie Law School;, Co-Director, DataX Macquarie Research Centre


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Personal profile


Professor Niloufer Selvadurai is a technology law scholar at Macquarie University. Niloufer researches and teaches on the effective governance of emerging and evolving technologies. A feature of her work is interdisciplinary collaborations with computing, engineering and finance. 

Niloufer is the Director of Research & Innovation at the Macquarie Law School, a Co-Director of the DataX Research Centre, and the Program Leader for 'AI and Law' at the  Centre for Applied AI. Formerly, she was Deputy Dean, Macquarie Law School. 

Qualifications include a BA LLB (First Class Hons) from the University of Sydney, a PhD from Macquarie University and Admission as a Solicitor in the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

Research interests

Commencing in 2012 when there was scant legal scholarship on AI, Niloufer has published in leading outlets on AI issues relating to automated decision-making (Oxford), digital finance (UCLA, Stanford, Washington & Lee), copyright (Oxford), and face recognition technologies (Oxford).

Together with Professor Dali Kaafar, Professor Shlomo Berkovsky, Dr Ian Wood, A/Professor Mark Dras, she is currently a CI on an Australian Research Council NIS Discovery Research Grant on 'Fighting Global Phone Scams with Conversational AI'.

Together with John Truby, Douglas Arnel, Andrew Dahdal, Karim Al-Yafi, Rafael Brown and Otabek Ismailov, Niloufer is currently a CI on a research project on ‘The Regulation of AI in Qatar.’ This multi-institutional project, involveing Qatar University, University of Hong Kong, Macquarie and the University of Ottawa, is funded by the Qatar National Research Foundation.

Beyond AI, Niloufer's research relates to digital finance, data privacy, cybersecurity and blockchain regulation. She is an Academic Partner of the Digital Finance CRC that has been awarded government and industry funding over a 10-year period to develop a commercial, technological and regulatory framework for the digitisation of real-world assets. 

Professor Talis Putnins, Professor Fang Chen, Professor Iqbal Gondal, Associate Professor Chris Berg, Professor Andreas Furche and Niloufer are currently working on a 'Central Bank Digital Currency - Infrastructure and Applications' research project funded by the CSIRO Emerging Technologies Program. Industry partners include the Reserve Bank of Australia, ANZ Banking Group and DigitalX Ltd.  A co-authored article 'Towards an effective regulatory and governance framework for central bank digital currencies,'  first author Nancy Michail, is available in the 2023 Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law and Policy.

A 2021-2022 University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) JOLT Honorarium funded a research project on 'Governing the interface between natural and formal language in smart contracts' with Professor Joshua Fairfield. A Washington & Lee University 2022-2023 Honorarium further fundeed a research project on the 'Mitigating the legal challenges associated with blockchain smart contracts: The potential of hybrid on-chain/off-chain contracts'.

Recently completed work include a Fintech Governance project funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, an intermediary liability of telcos project (ANU JOLT article) funded by Optus, and Australian representation on the SIENNA (Stakeholder informed ethics for new technologies with high socio-economic and human rights impact), European Union H2020 research and innovation programme, University of Twente, Netherlands. Former multinstitutional research projects include an AI governance project with Qatar, and information technology projects with Malaysia, Vietnam, Belgium, Greece and the United Kingdom. Niloufer has advised government and industry on a variety of issues relating to AI, digital privacy, cybercrime, digital finance and telecommunications law and has been co-author of Australia's submission to the World Congress of AIPPI on multiple occasions. Niloufer teaches technology law and intellectual property law, and is a member of the Macquarie University Human Research Ethics Committees (Medical Sciences).

Prior to joining Macquarie, Niloufer practised as a Solicitor in the media, technology and telecommunications group at Ashurst and worked at Allens. Niloufer is the Telecommunications Editor of the Australian Journal of Competition and Consumer Law and was the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Technology Policy Law, 2009-2021.

See further - ‘Speaking with Professor Niloufer Selvadurai’ in (2020) (1) The Brief 27-29 at Interview in the Brief 

Recent media and conferences - 

2023 Data Governance, Governance Institute of Australia, NBN, PFK & DataX Research Centre, Nov 2023 - Video

Sky Weekend Agenda - June 2023 The federal government's 2023 Safe and Responsible AI Discussion Paper

Sky News AM Agenda - May 2023 - The regulation of generative AI and ChatGPT

CPI Talks with Prof Niloufer Selvadurai - Data interoperability and portability law, Melbourne University Law School

Should AI generated inventions be patentable? 

Codes, conflicts of laws and digital jurisdiction, 'Code is law: Blockchain smart contracts, American Society for International Law

AI, Health and Human Rights webinar

Research student supervision

Supervision of PhD, Masters of Research and LLB Honours Candidates: Information technology law, AI governance, cyber security law, smart contracts law, digital finance law, digital intellectual property law and digital competition law.

PhD Completions 

Niloufer has supervised 24 PhD students to completion. In 2022, she was awarded the 'Australian Legal Education Award for Excellence in Graduate Research Supervision' by the Australian Law Academics Association (ALAA). In 2023, she was named 'Higher Degree Research Supervisor of the Year' by Macquarie University.

Recent PhD completions (as Principal Supervisor): 

  • Vannessa Ho (Domestic): Copyright law. Completed 2023.
  • Seb Zada (Domestic): Public international law. Completed 2023.
  • Atiq Rahim (International - Bangladesh): Copyright law. “Designing Digital Copyright Laws to Properly Balance Proprietary and Public Interests.” Completed 2020.
  • Lam Uyen (International – Vietnam): Information technology law. “A Comparative Analysis of an Individual's Right to Information in Vietnam and Australia.” Completed 2019.
  • Jennifer Farrell (Australia): Internet law. “Enhancing Access to Justice in Australian Courts Using Web 2.0 Applications.” Completed 2018.
  • Jingyi Li (Cotutelle candidate with Shandong University, China): Intellectual Property Law. “Reconciling Intellectual Property Rights and Human Rights.” Completed. 2018.

Recent MRes and MPhil Completions (as Principal Supervisor):

  • Nipun Agarwal (MPhil): International commercial law.Applying Negotiation Theory to Increase the Effectiveness of International Trade Dispute Resolutions.” Completed 2021.
  • Asal Ozgoli (MRes): Internet law. “The adequacy of Australian laws in protecting consumers from misleading influencer advertising on social media: a review and the need for reform.” Completed 2021.
  • Suman Poder (MRes): Internet law.  “The Regulation of Open Banking in Australia.” Completed 2020.
  • Vanessa Ho (MRes): Internet law. “The Merits of Forum Shopping in Appropriate Circumstances in International Intellectual Property Litigation.” Completed 2020.


Law and Technology - LAWS5029 (Undergraduate) and LAWS8068 (Postgraduate)

Intellectual Property Law - LAWS5023 (Undergraduate) and LAWS8024 (Postgraduate)

Intelligent Machines, Ethics and Law - COMP2400 (offered by the School of Computing, Faculty of Science and Engineering)

Rights, Responsibilities and AI - PHIL8400 (offered by the Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts)

Education/Academic qualification

Law, PhD, The convergence of broadcasting and telecommunications: Towards a new regulatory framework for electronic communications, Macquarie University

Award Date: 22 May 2006

Law, BA LLB (First Class Hons), University of Sydney

Admitted as Solicitor and Barrister of the Supreme Court of New South Wales


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