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Personal profile

Biography

My research is in three areas of the psychology of language: child language acquisition, adult language processing, and neurolinguistics. In the study of child language development, I have contributed to the empirical assessment of the theory of Universal Grammar. For the last decade, my research has focused on children’s acquisition of semantic knowledge, in particular young children’s knowledge of logical expressions. Much of this has been cross-linguistic research, with a particular focus on Mandarin Chinese. 

I completed my Bachelor of Arts at the University of California Los Angeles in 1971 and my PhD at the University of California Irvine in 1980. My previous academic and leadership positions have either been in linguistics or in cognitive science. I was head of the Linguistics Department at the University of Connecticut (1991-1994) and was an investigator on grants on language development, language processing, and language disorders at Haskins Laboratories, a Speech and Hearing Research Center in New Haven, CT. I was head of the Linguistics Department at the University of Maryland (1995-2003), where I established the Cognitive Neuroscience of Language Laboratory (est. 1999) and the KIT/Maryland MEG Laboratory (est. 2001). As an ARC Federation Fellow, I proposed to investigate children's linguistic competence using a new methodology for functional brain imaging, called magnetoencephalography (MEG). Since coming to Australia in 2004, I have led international teams of researchers and engineers in the development of two MEG systems: (a) the first whole-head adult MEG system in Australasia (est. 2006), and (b) the world’s first MEG system to study cognitive processing in children (est. 2008). 

At Macquarie University, I have held the positions of Deputy Director, Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science (2004-2010), Director, KIT-Macquarie Brain Research Laboratory (2005-2010), and established and was the inaugural Director of the Centre for Language Sciences (2007-2010). In 2010 I was appointed a Macquarie University Distinguished Professor.  

Currently, I am Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders (CCD). The CCD is funded for 7 years from 2011, and investigates 5 areas of cognition: language, reading, belief formation, memory, and person perception. I am the Program Leader of the Language Program. I am also Director of the International Center of Child Language Health, in Beijing China, and I am Visiting Professor at the Beijing Language and Culture University, China, and at the Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Japan.

External positions

Member, Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), Humanities and Creative Arts (HCA) Research Evaluation Committee, Australian Research Council

2018

Fellow, The Royal Society of New South Wales

2015

Member, Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), Humanities and Creative Arts (HCA), Research Evaluation Committee, Australian Research Council

2012

Member, Standing Review Board, Humanities and Social Sciences Panel, Research Grants Council of Hong Kong

20122019

Member, Department of Industry, Innovation and Science

2011

Presidential Nominee, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT Corporation Visiting Committee

20112022

Chair, National Committee for Brain and Mind, Australian Academy of Science

20102014

Member, National Committee for Brain and Mind, Australian Academy of Science

20072014

Fellow, Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA)

2006 → …

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Projects

Research Outputs

Like dishwashing detergents, all analogies are not the same: a commentary on Ambridge (2020)

Koring, L., Giblin, I., Thornton, R. & Crain, S., 1 Oct 2020, In : First Language. 40, 5-6, p. 596-599 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Citations (Scopus)

    Testing theories of plural meanings

    Tieu, L., Bill, C., Romoli, J. & Crain, S., 12 Aug 2020, In : Cognition. 104307.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • When OR is assigned a conjunctive inference in child language

    Huang, H. & Crain, S., 2020, In : Language Acquisition. 27, 1, p. 74-97 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Studying brain function in children using magnetoencephalography

    Rapaport, H., Seymour, R. A., Sowman, P. F., Benikos, N., Stylianou, E., Johnson, B. W., Crain, S. & He, W., 1 Apr 2019, In : Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE. 146, p. 1-7 7 p., e58909.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    25 Downloads (Pure)

    The interpretation of disjunction in VP ellipsis in Mandarin Chinese

    Gao, N., Thornton, R., Zhou, P. & Crain, S., Apr 2019, Three streams of generative language acquisition research. Ionin, T. & Rispoli, M. (eds.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 107-124 18 p. (Language Acquisition and Language Disorders; vol. 63).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter