• 114 Citations
  • 6 h-Index

Research output per year

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Personal profile


Stephen's current research interests are in cyber security, digital forensics, cyber threat intelligence and information warfare.   His research draws on a diverse background in policing, security and information technology.  His PhD thesis examined the impact of Eastern European cybercrime groups on Australian banks.  Stephen over the last 20 years has held a number of senior positions in information security with IBM, CSC, RSA, National Australia Bank (nabCERT) and SecureWorks.  In 2009 nabCERT, the team Stephen setup and led, won AusCERT's Annual Award for Organisational Excellence in Information Security.  Stephen prior to working in industry spent 14 years in the NSW Police as a Detective and was instrumental in the establishment of their first computer crime investigation team. Stephen is currently a Senior Lecturer in Cyber Security at Macquarie University in Australia and an Honorary Research Fellow at Massey University in New Zealand.  He is also currently a Certified Information System Security Professional (CISSP), a Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) and an Information Systems Security Management Professional (ISSMP).

Research interests

  • Cyber conflict
  • Cyber espionage
  • Organised cyber crime groups
  • State offensive cyber capability 


Research student supervision

Interested in PhD and MRes candidates in areas of cyber security, digital forensics, cyber threat intelligence and information warfare.

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Research Outputs

Denial and deception in the digital age: novel trends in an ancient art

Uhlmann, A. J., McCombie, S. & Watters, P., 2021, (Accepted/In press) Springer, Springer Nature. 200 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

  • Please explain: why is Canberra splurging on cyber security?

    McCombie, S. & Cox, K., 7 Jul 2020, The Lighthouse.

    Research output: Contribution to Newspaper/Magazine/WebsiteArticle

    Open Access
  • The US 2016 presidential election & Russia's troll farms

    McCombie, S., Uhlmann, A. J. & Morrison, S., 2020, In : Intelligence and National Security. 35, 1, p. 95-114 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Citations (Scopus)


    • 5 Invited talk
    • 1 Oral presentation

    Interference in the 2016 US Election

    Stephen McCombie (Speaker)
    Jul 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentationOral presentation

    Educating Cyber Security Intelligence Analysts

    Stephen McCombie (Speaker)
    24 Jul 2018

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    Cyber-Overlord: Nation-State Cyberattack Exercise

    Stephen McCombie (Speaker), Bob de la Lande (Speaker)
    15 Feb 2017

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    The Evolution of Cyber Attacks on Australian Banks

    Stephen McCombie (Speaker), Paul Nankervis (Speaker)
    23 Jul 2015

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    INTERPOL Cyber-Intelligence System Conceptual Model

    Stephen McCombie (Speaker)
    14 Apr 2015

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk