• 89 Citations
  • 7 h-Index

Research output per year

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Personal profile


Research Interests

The politics of war, Clausewitz, Western military strategy, modern warfare, US foreign and security policy, proxy war.


Tom's research interests currently focus on contemporary war and strategy - in particular, the politics of war, American military strategy, and 'vicarious warfare'. His book - War, Clausewitz and the Trinity - interprets Clausewitz's theory of war and relates it to contemporary debates about the nature of modern conflict.

Tom was previously Lecturer at the University of York where he taught and worked extensively on issues of post-war recovery, conflict analysis and security sector reform. He has experience working in conflict-affected countries such as Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nepal and Afghanistan.

Tom has also published widely on strategy, warfare, Clausewitz, statebuilding, intra-state war, the research-policy nexus, and Afghanistan in peer-reviewed journals such as Survival, Contemporary Security Policy, International Affairs, Defence Studies, Parameters, Civil Wars, Journal of Statebuilding and Intervention and Conflict, Security and Development. He has also written policy reports and evaluations for the UK government and World Bank amongst others.

Tom is Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and Honorary Fellow at the Centre for Security Studies at the University of Hull, UK.


PICT212 - Modern Warfare

PICT850 - Strategic Thinking

PICT847 - Supervised Project in Security Studies 

HDR Supervision

Tom is available to supervise potential MRes and PhD students pursuing research projects in the following areas:

  • War studies, strategic studies, and defence studies
  • The character and dynamics of modern warfare
  • US foreign, security, or military affairs
  • Strategic narratives and communication issues in war
  • Proxy war, surrogate warfare, and security delegation 


Education/Academic qualification

Postgraduate Certificate of Academic Practice (PGCAP), University of York

1 Sep 20141 Sep 2016

Politics and International Studies, PhD, University of Warwick


Research Methods in Politics/International Relations, Masters of Arts (Distinction), University of Sheffield

Sep 2004Sep 2005

International Studies, Master of Arts (Distinction), University of Sheffield

Sep 2002Sep 2003

History, BA Hons, University of Newcastle upon Tyne

Sep 1999Jun 2002

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Research Outputs

Vicarious warfare: American strategy and the illusion of war on the cheap

Waldman, T., 1 Feb 2021, (Accepted/In press) Bristol University Press. 224 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

  • Vicarious warfare: the counterproductive consequences of modern American military practice

    Waldman, T., 3 Apr 2018, In : Contemporary Security Policy. 39, 2, p. 181-205 25 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 10 Citations (Scopus)

    Strategic narratives and US surrogate warfare

    Waldman, T., 29 Jan 2019, In : Survival. 61, 1, p. 161-178 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 3 Citations (Scopus)

    Buy now, pay later: American military intervention and the strategic cost paradox

    Waldman, T., 2019, In : Defence Studies. 19, 1, p. 85-105 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 1 Citation (Scopus)

    War, Clausewitz and the Trinity

    Waldman, T., 2013, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing. 203 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

  • 15 Citations (Scopus)


    Fellow of The Higher Education Academy

    Tom Waldman (Recipient), 13 Jan 2017

    Prize: Other distinction

  • Activities

    ClausewitzStudies.org (External organisation)

    Tom Waldman (Member)
    15 Jan 2020 → …

    Activity: MembershipMembership of board

    Contemporary Security Policy (Journal)

    Tom Waldman (Reviewer)
    3 Jun 2020

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPublication Peer-review

    Australian Journal of International Affairs (Journal)

    Tom Waldman (Reviewer)
    8 Jul 2019

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPublication Peer-review

    I. B. Tauris (Publisher)

    Tom Waldman (Reviewer)
    1 Oct 2019 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditorial work

    BISA 44th Annual Conference 2019

    Tom Waldman (Participant)
    14 Jun 2019

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipating in a conference, workshop, ...