This project aims to shed light on some of the most politically, economically and environmentally important policy questions of our time: what are the drivers of the transition to a low carbon economy? What are the key enablers and obstacles to this transition? How are states in our region seeking to overcome these obstacles and how effective are their efforts? To this end, the project will develop and analyse four new longitudinal case studies of clean energy industry creation in two of Australia's top Asian trading partners. Findings will advance scholarly and policy debates and strategies about the role of the state in high-tech industry creation and clean energy transitions, and benefit Australian exporters seeking new market openings.