Socioeconomic disadvantage, COVID symptom persistence and health-related quality of life EQ-5D: An analysis for India

Project: Research

Project Details


Policymakers and the general public are concerned about socioeconomic inequalities in health; even more so since the start of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Some COVID-19 patients experience ‘long COVID’, which is defined as prolonged symptoms that last for several months and cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis. Long COVID may be more prevalent and more impactful in disadvantaged populations due to unequal risk exposure and unequal ability to compensate (e.g. for loss of income). Little is known about the association between longitudinal patterns of long-COVID symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the mediating role of multidimensional deprivation. Ongoing studies (e.g. POPCORN) focus mainly on developed countries, where this negative association is likely limited through strong social security systems.
This project will collect longitudinal data on HRQoL (EQ-5D-5L), morbidity, socioeconomic conditions, and long COVID symptoms in India; a developing country with a high burden of COVID-19 and long COVID. We plan a survey of 3000 households with four waves over a 12 month period. We will also ask participants to recall information from October 2019, prior to the pandemic. A measure of dynamic multidimensional deprivation will be constructed using the techniques developed by PI Sinha.[1],[2],[3],[4] We will estimate the association between EQ-5D-5L and long COVID status, accounting for the severity and persistence of multidimensional disadvantage. The project will generate a unique dataset of EQ-5D-5L data for India that will be made available to other researchers in the future.
Effective start/end date1/08/221/11/24