3-D reconstruction of an ancient Egyptian mummy using X-ray computer tomography

C. Baldock, S. W. Hughes, D. K. Whittaker, J. Taylor, R. Davis, A. J. Spencer, K. Tonge, A. Sofat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Computer tomography has been used to image and reconstruct in 3-D an Egyptian mummy from the collection of the British Museum. This study of Tjentmutengebtiu, a priestess from the 22nd dynasty (945-715 BC) revealed invaluable information of a scientific, Egyptological and palaeopathological nature without mutilation and destruction of the painted cartonnage case or linen wrappings. Precise details on the removal of the brain through the nasal cavity and the viscera from the abdominal cavity were obtained. The nature and composition of the false eyes were investigated. The detailed analysis of the teeth provided a much closer approximation of age at death. The identification of materials used for the various amulets including that of the figures placed in the viscera was graphically demonstrated using this technique.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)806-808
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • 3-D reconstruction
  • Computer tomography
  • Egyptian
  • Mummies


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