3D printed mould-based graphite/PDMS sensor for low-force applications

A. Nag*, S. Feng, S. C. Mukhopadhyay, J. Kosel, D. Inglis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This paper concerns the design, fabrication and characterization of graphite/PDMS sensors for low-force sensing applications. Exploiting the design flexibility of 3D printing, moulds of specific dimensions were prepared onto which graphite powder and PDMS were cast, to develop sensor patches. The sensor patches were highly flexible with repeatable responses to iterative bending cycles. The patches were tested in terms of stretchability, strain and bending-cycle responses. The sensor patches had interdigitated electrodes operating on capacitive sensing, where the effective capacitance changes with an applied force because of changes in their dimensions. Forces ranging from 3.5 mN to 17.5 mN were applied to determine the capability of these sensor patches for low-force sensing applications. The sensor patches had a quick recovery having a sensitivity and SNR per unit force of 0.2542 pF mN−1 and 10.86 respectively. The patches were capable of differentiating the forces applied on them, when they were attached to different objects in daily use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-534
Number of pages10
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • Graphite
  • PDMS
  • 3D printing
  • Force sensing
  • Capacitive sensor

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