A barium central star binary in the Type I diamond ring planetary nebula Abell 70

B. Miszalski*, H. M J Boffin, D. J. Frew, A. Acker, J. Köppen, A. F J Moffat, Q. A. Parker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)


Abell 70 (PN G038.1-25.4, hereafter A 70) is a planetary nebula known for its diamond ring appearance due to a superposition with a background galaxy. The previously unstudied central star is found to be a binary consisting of a G8IV-V secondary at optical wavelengths and a hot white dwarf at ultraviolet wavelengths. The secondary shows Ba ii and Sr ii features enhanced for its spectral type that, combined with the chromospheric Hα emission and possible 20-30kms-1 radial velocity amplitude, firmly classifies the binary as a Barium star. The proposed origin of Barium stars is intimately linked to planetary nebulae (PNe) whereby wind accretion pollutes the companion with dredged-up material rich in carbon ands-process elements when the primary is experiencing thermal pulses on the asymptotic giant branch (AGB). A 70 provides further evidence for this scenario together with the other very few examples of Barium central stars. The nebula is found to have Type I chemical abundances with helium and nitrogen enrichment, which when combined with future abundance studies of the central star, will establish A 70 as a unique laboratory for studyings-process AGB nucleosynthesis. We also discuss guidelines to discover more binary central stars with cool secondaries in large orbits that are needed to balance our knowledge of binarity in PNe against the currently better studied post-common-envelope binary central stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-49
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • Binaries: general
  • Binaries: symbiotic
  • Planetary nebulae: general
  • Planetary nebulae: individual: PN G038.1-25.4
  • Stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • Stars: chemically peculiar

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