A high gain beam switching pattern reconfigurable quasi-Yagi dipole antenna is presented for wireless local area network (WLAN) systems at 5.2 GHz. The antenna consists of a microstrip-to-coplanar stripline (CPS) balun, the length of which can be controlled by using PIN diodes. The change of the length of the balun allows the currents on the two arms of the dipole to have different phase differences, thereby making the antenna operate at three states with the E-plane maximum beam direction towards 20°, -20°, and 0°, respectively. In order to validate the design method, a prototype of the proposed antenna with a practical biasing network was fabricated and measured. Measured results on the reflection coefficients, radiation patterns, and realized gains for three operating states are provided, which agree well with the numerical simulations.
- Beam switching
- Dipole antennas
- Microstrip antennas
- Pattern reconfigurable antennas
- Quasi-Yagi antennas