A built environment perspective on adaptation in urban informal settlements, Khulna, Bangladesh

Afroza Parvin, A. F. M. Ashraful Alam, Rumana Asad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The IPCC Fifth Assessment Report identifies urban informal settlements as the most vulnerable type of human settlements to climate change. The physical growth and socio-economic expansion of informal settlements takes place largely outside any official rules and regulations and in distressed and climate-vulnerable locations. Climate change is magnifying existing urban problems in rapidly urbanizing towns and cities in Bangladesh conditions. Urban informal settlements in Khulna are also characterized by overarching non-climatic trends of population growth, rapid urbanization and intensification of economic activities. Rupsha is surrounded by a wide range of mixed land use such as industrial and commercial establishments, including shrimp processing houses and cold storage, sawmills and retail stores. In double-storey dwelling units, services are found at the lower level, while the upper levels are comprised of bed and storage spaces with a small semi-outdoor space. Anticipating hazard effects, and depending on affordability, households choose durable or temporary building materials.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUrban poverty and climate change
Subtitle of host publicationlife in the slums of Asia, Africa and Latin America
EditorsManoj Roy, Sally Cawood, Michaela Hordijk, David Hulme
Place of PublicationLondon ; New York
PublisherRoutledge, Taylor and Francis Group
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781315716435
ISBN (Print)9781138860506, 9780815364481
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in Climate Change Research

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