Collectins are a sub-family of C-type lectins from mammals and birds that are characterized by their collagen-like domains. The mammalian collectin, mannose binding lectin, has attracted considerable interest because it can activate complement components via a lectin-mediated complement pathway that is independent of immunoglobulins. In this study, we have identified a calcium-dependent lectin from the invertebrate (tunicate), Styela plicata, that bears substantial similarities to mammalian collectins. The tunicate lectin, which was isolated by carbohydrate affinity chromatography, has a reduced apparent molecular mass of 43 kDa. The 43 kDa reduced polypeptide appeared as dimers, trimers and hexamers when analyzed by non-reducing and two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, while gel filtration suggested that the native form of the protein was a nonamer. Amino acid sequence and amino acid composition analysis revealed obvious similarities between the tunicate lectin and mammalian collectins, notably the inclusion of a collagenous domain and a short, cysteine bearing N-terminal domain. The identification of a collectin-like protein in an invertebrate such as S. plicata, which does not express immunoglobulin, indicates that lectin-mediated complement pathways may predate the origin of antibodies. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Mannose-binding lectin