Background: Increasing numbers of patients are presenting with aggressive prostate cancer (CaP); therefore, there exists a need to optimally identify these patients pre-biopsy. Objectives: To compare the accuracy of total prostate specific antigen (PSA), %free PSA, and prostate health index (PHI) to differentiate between patients without CaP, with non-aggressive (Gleason 3 + 3, non-AgCaP) and with aggressive (Gleason ≥ 3 + 4, AgCaP) in a contemporary US population. Design, settings, and participants: Serum samples were collected from 332 US patients scheduled for biopsy due to an elevated age-adjusted PSA. Site and Central biopsy pathologic assessment were performed. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Testing of PSA, free PSA, proPSA, and PHI was performed along with central pathology review. Test performance using logistic regression analysis for differentiating CaP from non-CaP as well as non-AgCaP from AgCaP was evaluated. Results and limitations: Central pathology review resulted in 32 upgrades including 14 Gleason 3 + 3 scores being upgraded to AgCaP with final distribution of 148 no-CaP, 64 non-AgCaP, and 120 AgCaP patients. Receiver operator curve (ROC) analysis of the different tests showed that PHI performed best at differentiating CaP from no-CaP subjects (area under the receiver operator curve 0.79). In contrast, the different tests were essentially equivalent in differentiating AgCaP vs. non-AgCaP. Conclusions: In this recent US study of prebiopsy patients we observed a high proportion of AgCaP patients consistent with previous studies in contemporary US populations. Central Gleason review is recommended for multi-institutional studies comparing biomarkers. PHI was superior to PSA, free PSA, %free PSA, and proPSA in detecting CaP in this population but was not superior at differentiating AgCaP from non-AgCaP.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Early online date||30 Apr 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2020|
- Clinical study