We aimed to compare the efficacy of fluid preloading with two recently recommended fluid-vasopressor regimens for maintaining blood pressure during subarachnoid anaesthesia in the elderly. Sixty elderly patients requiring surgery for traumatic hip fractures received subarachnoid anaesthesia using 0.05 ml/kg of 0.5% heavy bupivacaine. Hypotension, i.e. systolic arterial pressure <75% of baseline, was prevented or treated by: A- normal saline 26 ml/kg plus intravenous ephedrine boluses (0.2 mg/kg); B-normal saline 8 ml/kg plus intramuscular depot ephedrine (0.5 mg/kg); or C-Haemaccel 8 ml/kg plus metaraminol infusion. Systolic arterial pressure and heart rate were recorded using custom-written computer software (Monitor; version 1.0).
Systolic arterial pressure den eased in all groups after five minutes (P
We conclude that treatment A was inadequate in preventing hypotension. Treatments B and C were more effective but were associated with an increased heart rate and overcorrection of systolic arterial pressure respectively.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Anaesthesia and Intensive Care|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1998|
- anaesthesia : subarachnoid, spinal
- vasopressor : ephedrine, metaraminol
- complications : hypotension