A cost-effective and non-invasive system for sleep and vital signs monitoring using passive RFID tags

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

Abstract

Inadequate sleep has very bad impacts on human daily life activities. Sleep disorders are one of the main reasons for the inadequate sleep problem. Diagnosis of these disorders is a very challenging task because they occur at night when the patients are asleep and require a full night monitoring to diagnose. Conventional sleep monitoring techniques are not feasible due to various reasons such as they require the person to wear multiple invasive sensors, the cost is high and also need special environment for monitoring. In this work, we propose a non-invasive and cost-effective solution based on passive RFID technology for sleep monitoring. We attach passive RFID tags to the shirt of the person and collect low-level data which can capture the information about the vital signs of the person. The proposed solution can detect the on-bed movements which provide useful information about the sleep of the person. We propose an adaptive threshold-based technique which can effectively identify the stable breathing and apnea regions from the collected breathing signal. The stable region is used for estimating the breathing rate. Our solution can monitor vital signs such as respiration rate during the overnight sleep and can detect sleep apnea. We implement the proposed solution using COTS RFID tags in the real world scenarios and the results show that our system achieves 100% accuracy for apnea detection and above 95% for breath rate estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th EAI International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems
Subtitle of host publicationComputing, Networking and Services, MobiQuitous 2019
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages153-161
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781450372831
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event16th EAI International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking and Services, MobiQuitous 2019 - Houston, United States
Duration: 12 Nov 201914 Nov 2019

Conference

Conference16th EAI International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking and Services, MobiQuitous 2019
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period12/11/1914/11/19

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Keywords

  • Apnea detection
  • Breath monitoring
  • Respiration monitoring
  • Sleep disorder
  • Sleep monitoring

Cite this

Hussain, Z., Sagar, S., Zhang, W. E., & Sheng, Q. Z. (2019). A cost-effective and non-invasive system for sleep and vital signs monitoring using passive RFID tags. In Proceedings of the 16th EAI International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking and Services, MobiQuitous 2019 (pp. 153-161). New York: Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/3360774.3360797