A curved edge moderates high pressure generated by a laparoscopic grasper

A. J. Shakeshaft, J. A. Cartmill*, W. R. Walsh, C. J. Martin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Very high pressures are generated at the interface between the tip of laparoscopic graspers and tissue. The pressure profile suggests that the high pressure is due to stress concentration at the edge of the jaw. Stress concentration at an edge can be modified by curving the edge. This study sought to determine the effect of a curved edge on pressures generated by the jaw of a laparoscopic grasper. Methods: Pressure generated at the instrument tissue interface was measured by a thin film pressure transducer. The two instruments that we compared were identical in every respect except the profile of the jaw edge. One was unmodified; the other had a rounded grasping edge. Load and handle pressure were constant throughout. Tissue pressures generated by the grasper were recorded as the angle of load was increased from vertical (0°) to 135°. Results: Localized pressures at the tip of the unmodified instrument reached a maximum of 1500 kPa. Pressures at the tip of the curved instrument reached a maximum of 920 kPa under identical conditions. Conclusion: High pressures generated at the tip of laparoscopic graspers can be reduced by rounding the edge of the jaw.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1232-1234
Number of pages3
JournalSurgical Endoscopy
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ergonomics
  • Instrument design
  • Laparoscopic graspers
  • Safety
  • Surgical instruments

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