A facile one-pot strategy for the electrochemical synthesis of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/Zirconia nanocomposite as an effective sensing platform for vitamins B2, B6 and C

Tao Nie, Kaixin Zhang, Jingkun Xu*, Limin Lu, Ling Bai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conducting polymers have been studied extensively due to their intriguing electronic and redox properties. To improve and extend their functions, the fabrication of multi-functionalized conducting polymer nanocomposites has attracted a great deal of attention. Herein, for the first time, a simple one-step electrodeposition method was developed for the synthesis of poly(3,4-ethylene-dioxythiophene)/Zirconia nanoparticles (PEDOT/ZrO 2NPs) composite film on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Data from scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrum, FTIR and UV/vis spectra, and various electrochemical techniques demonstrated that PEDOT/ZrO 2NPs nanocomposite was successfully synthesized. The obtained PEDOT/ZrO2NPs nanocomposite film showed large specific area, high conductivity, rapid redox properties and had encapsulated structures, which make it an excellent sensing platform for sensitive determination of vitamin B 2 (VB2), vitamin B6 (VB6) and vitamin C (VC). Electrochemical results obviously reveal that the catalytic peak currents of vitamins obtained at PEDOT/ZrO2NPs/GCE are much higher than those at PEDOT/GCE, ZrO2NPs/GCE and bare GCE. Using differential pulse voltammetry, detection limits of 0.012 μM, 0.20 μM and 0.45 μM were obtained for VB2, VB6 and VC, respectively at PEDOT/ZrO2NPs/GCE. Furthermore, the modified electrode exhibited good reproducibility and long-term stability, as well as high selectivity. The facile and easy electrochemical approach used for the preparation of PEDOT/ZrO2NPs nanocomposite may open up new horizons in developing of cost effective electrochemical sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume717-718
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • nanocomposite
  • poly(3 4-ethylenedioxythiophene)
  • simultaneous determination
  • vitamin B
  • zirconia

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