Fishes offer fantastic systems in which to study the evolutionary drivers of cognition because they comprise more than 30,000 species occupying a diverse range of habitats. Many researchers have taken advantage of this diversity to examine the ecological correlates of brain morphology and learning, but memory abilities per se are still fairly understudied compared to terrestrial vertebrates. Here, we review studies that have examined memory retention in fish, sharks, and rays and summarize the mechanisms of regulation of memory in these groups. Mechanisms of memory regulation are similar to those of terrestrial vertebrates, and it is clear that they can retain information from several days, months, and even years. We also address the potential for episodic-like memory in fish, which appears to be on par with evidence from other nonhuman vertebrates, further suggesting the process of memory retention is conserved across all vertebrates. In the last section of this review, we discuss avenues of memory research in which fish have been given little attention and highlight areas of future investigation.
|Title of host publication||The Cambridge Handbook of Animal Cognition|
|Editors||Allison B. Kaufman, Josep Call, James C. Kaufman|
|Place of Publication||Cambridge|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||34|
|ISBN (Print)||9781108426749, 9781108445481|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|