A generic multiple constituency matrix: Accountability in private prisons

Harald Bergsteiner, Gayle C. Avery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Public and private sector organizations and their constituents are subject to numerous, often competing, accountability pressures. Guidelines are lacking on how to identify and depict the extent and nature of multiple constituency (MC) relationships. This article identifies limitations of five existing MC schemas. A proposed new MC matrix integrates seven accountability dimensions identified from the literature. The new matrix depicts potential accountability relationships and their nature and functions as a normative and diagnostic tool. The utility of this matrix for normatively depicting multiple accountability relationships and diagnostically monitoring accountability performance is illustrated by reference to prisons run by private operators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-660
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Public Administration Research and Theory
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'A generic multiple constituency matrix: Accountability in private prisons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this