This paper presents a high-performance control strategy to support an optimised transient performance for a hybrid AC/DC microgrid system based on an improved virtual synchronous generator (VSG). The standard VSG is modified and an improved control strategy is developed. A pre-synchronization controller is embedded within the improved VSG controller for grid-connection use. In addition, this paper builds the small-signal model for the improved VSG controller in order to analyse the system's stability. A controller for the battery energy storage system is developed in order to assist the power output of the hybrid microgrid. The microgrid system is designed in a MATLAB/SIMULINK simulation environment based on the under-construction hybrid AC/DC microgrid system at Griffith University, Australia. A comparative study of droop control, conventional VSG control, and the improved VSG control is carried out under different possible transient cases. The pre-synchronization method is also tested. The simulation results show that the improved VSG control strategy is evidently able to ensure smooth variations in frequency, voltage and active power during transient cases.
- Hybrid AC/DC microgrid
- Transient response
- Virtual synchronous generator