A hybrid human reliability assessment technique for the maintenance operations of marine and offshore systems

Rabiul Islam , Mohan Anatharaman, Faisal Khan, Rouzbeh Abbassi, Vikram Garaniya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Regular maintenance is very important to ensure all the required types of machinery and equipment be kept 100% efficient for marine and offshore systems. Maintenance operations for marine and offshore systems are carried out by the seafarers/operators and it is they who are usually liable for any error. Previous studies have identified that about 80% of marine and offshore accidents occurred due to human error. Therefore, to address this concern human reliability assessment (HRA) is very important. However, an appropriate technique is required to estimate human error probability (HEP) for marine and offshore systems. Human error assessment and reduction technique (HEART) is applied to many industries to determine HEP. Recently, HEART was specifically developed for the maintenance operations of marine and offshore systems considering marine and offshore environmental and operational conditions. However, there is a deficiency in this technique as it does not provide a concrete method to determine the seafarers assessed proportion of effect (SAPOE) and it therefore, relies heavily on the judgment of a single expert. This study proposes a hybrid HEART to overcome the problem. The hybrid HEART utilizes the evidence theory to fuse an expert's opinion to determine APOA for each corresponding error producing condition (EPC). The proposed technique is applied to estimate HEP for the maintenance procedures of a condensate pump for an offshore oil and gas facility as a case study. The HEP values are calculated for each selected activity and comparison is provided. Based on the results, a performing pressure test and isolation leak test has the highest HEP 1.54E‐01 and depressurizing drain lines has the lowest 1.54E‐04. It is proposed that the application of this hybrid HEART will enable estimating HEP more accurately. Therefore, it will contribute to improving the overall safety level in the maintenance of marine and offshore systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12118
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalProcess Safety Progress
Issue numberS1
Early online date5 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • human error probability
  • human reliability assessment
  • maintenance operations
  • marine and offshore systems


Dive into the research topics of 'A hybrid human reliability assessment technique for the maintenance operations of marine and offshore systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this