China's CO2 emissions from commercial fossil fuel reached 638 Mt C in 1990, accounting for 11% of the world total emissions of that year. The emission is expected to increase together with its high GDP growth rate in the future. This paper analyses the characteristics of China's CO2 emissions and proposes several options for mitigating the CO2 emissions on a large scale, such as strengthening energy conservation, introducing energy-efficient technologies into the energy system, speeding up non-fossil fuels development, importing oil and natural gas to substitute for coal and so on. Through the application of the ETO model, the paper evaluates the cost of mitigating CO2 emissions and its effects on national economic development.
- CO mitigation
- ETO model