A meta-analytic examination of the effects of the agentic and affiliative aspects of extraversion on leadership outcomes

Mark H. Do, Amirali Minbashian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Building on previous research that has shown that extraversion is the strongest Big Five personality predictor of effective leadership, the present study employed meta-analytic procedures to examine the independent effects of the two main aspects of extraversion-agency and affiliation-on leadership outcomes (transformational leadership and leadership effectiveness). Results showed that it is specifically the agentic aspect of extraversion that has a positive impact on leadership, whereas the affiliative aspect is unrelated to transformational leadership and negatively related to leadership effectiveness. Additionally, we demonstrate that assessing extraversion in terms of these two aspects leads to substantial improvements in predictive validity relative to broad measures of extraversion. Limitations associated with common method bias and modest effect sizes notwithstanding, our findings inform theory on specifically why it is that extraverts are perceived as better leaders than introverts. We also discuss practical implications for how to select and develop leaders in organisational settings and outline the types of organisations in which agency measures are likely to be most useful for selection purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1053
Number of pages14
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affiliation
  • Agency
  • Extraversion
  • Leadership
  • Meta-analysis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A meta-analytic examination of the effects of the agentic and affiliative aspects of extraversion on leadership outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this