A model for assessing reflective practices in pharmacy education

Cherie Tsingos, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, John M. Lonie, Lorriane Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. To research the literature and examine assessment strategies used in health education that measure reflection levels and to identify assessment strategies for use in pharmacy education.

Methods. A simple systematic review using a 5-step approach was employed to locate peer-reviewed articles addressing assessment strategies in health education from the last 20 years.

Results. The literature search identified assessment strategies and rubrics used in health education for assessing levels of reflection. There is a significant gap in the literature regarding reflective rubric use in pharmacy education.

Conclusion. Two assessment strategies to assess levels of reflection, including a reflective rubric tailored for pharmacy education, are proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number124
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • reflective practice
  • literature review
  • assessment
  • pharmacy education
  • reflective rubrics


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