A multiple electrode cochlear implant

G. M. Clark, Y. C. Tong, R. Black, I. C. Forster, J. F. Patrick, D. J. Dewhurst

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    63 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The University of Melbourne Departments of Otolaryngology and Electrical Engineering (UMDOLEE) receiving and stimulating component of a multiple-electrode cochlear implant hearing prosthesis produces constant current stimulation. It has a stimulating pulse shape that minimizes the production of toxic substances and loss of metal from the electrodes, and this is achieved with a biphasic rectangular waveform where the first phase is negative with respect to ground. The duration of each stimulus phase is 180 msec, which is long enough to allow low levels of current stimulation, and short enough to permit rates of 1000 pulses/ second to be achieved. In order to be consistent with our present understanding of the perception of pitch, the device permits the independent stimulation of a number of electrodes. Furthermore, to electrically isolate the stimulus to small areas, there is the capacity to vary the current and set the threshold independently at individual electrodes. The phase and amplitude of the pulses to neighbouring electrodes will also be varied to assist in localizing the current flow. The pattern of stimulation to individual or groups of electrodes can also be altered to enable studies to be carried out to determine ways of conveying frequency and intensity information over a more normal dynamic range.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)935-945
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
    Volume91
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1977

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