A novel approach to distinguish the uniform and non-uniform distribution of blast loads in process industry

Kun Hu , Guohua Chen, Rouzbeh Abbassi, Zhihang Zhou, Tao Zeng, Yi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The blast load distribution is an important factor affecting the accuracy of structural damage and domino effect analysis caused by explosions in petroleum and chemical industries. The distribution is usually treated as the uniform or non-uniform and the latter is more suitable for the real scenarios. However, the applicability of the uniform distribution has not been studied in details. In the present study, both the blast load intensity model (BLIM) and blast damage intensity model (BDIM) are developed to represent uniform or non-uniform blast loads quantitatively. Three explosion types (free air burst, air burst and surface burst) and three target structural surfaces (rectangular plates, cylindrical shells and spherical shells) are considered in BLIM and BDIM. The element superposition method based on finite element model (FEM) is proposed, which can solve BLIM and BDIM accurately. Furthermore, the relative difference between the uniform and non-uniform distribution can be obtained on basis of BLIM and BDIM. Finally, the application condition for the rectangular plates - critical stand-off distances with the relative difference of 5%, is defined and verified to distinguish the uniform and non-uniform distribution. The study can provide an insight into the proper application of blast load distribution.
LanguageEnglish
Pages416-428
Number of pages13
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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industry
Industry
damage
Explosions
explosion
shell
distribution
Petroleum industry
chemical industry
air
Chemical industry
Air

Keywords

  • Blast load distribution
  • Blast load intensity model (BLIM)
  • Blast damage intensity model (BLDIM)
  • Element superposition method
  • Critical stand-off distances

Cite this

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title = "A novel approach to distinguish the uniform and non-uniform distribution of blast loads in process industry",
abstract = "The blast load distribution is an important factor affecting the accuracy of structural damage and domino effect analysis caused by explosions in petroleum and chemical industries. The distribution is usually treated as the uniform or non-uniform and the latter is more suitable for the real scenarios. However, the applicability of the uniform distribution has not been studied in details. In the present study, both the blast load intensity model (BLIM) and blast damage intensity model (BDIM) are developed to represent uniform or non-uniform blast loads quantitatively. Three explosion types (free air burst, air burst and surface burst) and three target structural surfaces (rectangular plates, cylindrical shells and spherical shells) are considered in BLIM and BDIM. The element superposition method based on finite element model (FEM) is proposed, which can solve BLIM and BDIM accurately. Furthermore, the relative difference between the uniform and non-uniform distribution can be obtained on basis of BLIM and BDIM. Finally, the application condition for the rectangular plates - critical stand-off distances with the relative difference of 5{\%}, is defined and verified to distinguish the uniform and non-uniform distribution. The study can provide an insight into the proper application of blast load distribution.",
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A novel approach to distinguish the uniform and non-uniform distribution of blast loads in process industry. / Hu , Kun; Chen, Guohua; Abbassi, Rouzbeh; Zhou, Zhihang; Zeng, Tao ; Yang, Yi .

In: Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol. 134, 02.2020, p. 416-428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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