The blast load distribution is an important factor affecting the accuracy of structural damage and domino effect analysis caused by explosions in petroleum and chemical industries. The distribution is usually treated as the uniform or non-uniform and the latter is more suitable for the real scenarios. However, the applicability of the uniform distribution has not been studied in details. In the present study, both the blast load intensity model (BLIM) and blast damage intensity model (BDIM) are developed to represent uniform or non-uniform blast loads quantitatively. Three explosion types (free air burst, air burst and surface burst) and three target structural surfaces (rectangular plates, cylindrical shells and spherical shells) are considered in BLIM and BDIM. The element superposition method based on finite element model (FEM) is proposed, which can solve BLIM and BDIM accurately. Furthermore, the relative difference between the uniform and non-uniform distribution can be obtained on basis of BLIM and BDIM. Finally, the application condition for the rectangular plates - critical stand-off distances with the relative difference of 5%, is defined and verified to distinguish the uniform and non-uniform distribution. The study can provide an insight into the proper application of blast load distribution.
- Blast load distribution
- Blast load intensity model (BLIM)
- Blast damage intensity model (BLDIM)
- Element superposition method
- Critical stand-off distances