Starch granule (SG)-associated proteins are involved in starch synthesis and the interaction between SGs and the endosperm protein matrix. In this study, SG proteins were sequentially extracted with the chaotropic reagent, urea from 1M to 4M, and then profiled using an integrated proteomic approach including one- and two-dimensional electrophoresis, mass spectrometry and antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results demonstrated that the SG-associated proteins were dominated by granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS), gliadin, low molecular weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS), serine protease inhibitors, α-amylase inhibitors and puroindolines. A protein with an apparent molecular mass of 50kDa, expressed in cultivar hard wheat Kukri but not in soft wheat Triller was identified as a novel member of the 'S' group of LMW-GS, designated as LMW-GS-'S'. Further characterization using a broad wheat population revealed that LMW-GS-'S' was selectively expressed in hard wheat cultivars while deleted in all soft wheats tested. Its relationship with hardness was confirmed by its expression in tetraploid durum wheats, which are among the hardest wheats around the world. Monoclonal antibody (MAb) F8-14E6 against LMW-GS-'S' was developed and used in an ELISA to screen 90 Glu allele-defined doubled haploid Janz/Kukri wheat lines. The allele that encodes LMW-GS-'S' was mapped to GluB3h (p<0.001).
- Starch granule
- Wheat protein marker