A novel strategy to design sustained-release poorly water-soluble drug mesoporous silica microparticles based on supercritical fluid technique

Li-hong Wang, Xin Che, Hui Xu, Li-li Zhou, Jing Han, Jin-wen Liu, Jie Liu, Yi Liu, Mei-juan Zou, Wei Zhang, Gang Cheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The organic solvent solution immersion method was often used to achieve the loading of the drugs into mesoporous silica, but the drugs that have loaded into the pores of the mesoporous silica would inevitable migrate from the inside to the external surface or near the outside surface during the process of drying. Hence, it often leads to the pores of mesoporous materials not be fully utilized, and results in a low drug loading efficiency and a fast releasing rate.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop a novel drug loading strategy to avoid soluble component migration during the process of drying, then, to prepare poorly water-soluble drug mesoporous silica microparticles with higher drug loading efficiency and longer sustained-release time.

Method: Ibuprofen was used as model drug. The microparticles were prepared by a novel method based on mesoporous silica and supercritical fluid (SCF) technique. The drug-loaded mesoporous silica microparticles prepared by SCF technique were analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), N2 adsorption/desorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In vitro releasing study was used to evaluate the sustained-release effect of the drug-loaded microparticles.

Results: By virtue of the high diffusibility and the high dissolving capacity of the supercritical carbon dioxide (SCF-CO2), the poorly water-soluble drugs, ibuprofen, entered the pores of the mesoporous silica. The amount and the depth of ibuprofen entered the pores of the mesoporous silica by SCF technique were both larger than those by the solution immersion method. It was found that ibuprofen loaded into the mesoporous silica by SCF technique was amorphous and the largest amount of the ibuprofen loaded into the mesoporous silica by SCF technique could reach 386 mg/g (w/w, ibuprofen/SiO2), it was more than that by the solution immersion method. In vitro releasing study showed that the sustained-release effect of ibuprofen in the samples prepared by SCF technique was 50% in 15 min and 90% in 60 min. It was longer than that prepared by the solution immersion method.

Conclusion: Present study showed that sustained-release poorly water-soluble drug mesoporous silica microparticle based on SCF technique has twofold advantages. One is the larger drug loading amount in internal pores of the mesoporous silica, the other is the longer drug releasing time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume454
Issue number1
Early online date17 Jul 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mesoporous silica
  • Sustained-release
  • Loading capacity
  • Ibuprofen
  • Supercritical CO2 fluid

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