A pre-operative clinical model to predict microvascular invasion and long-term outcome after resection of hepatocellular cancer: the Australian experience

S. M. Schlichtemeier, T. C. Pang, N. E. Williams, A. J. Gill, R. C. Smith, J. S. Samra, V. W. T. Lam, M. Hollands, A. J. Richardson, H. C. Pleass, S. Nozawa, M. Albania, T. J. Hugh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Liver resection or transplantation offer the best chance of long-term survival. The aim of this study was to perform a survival and prognostic factor analysis on patients who underwent resection of HCC at two major tertiary referral hospitals, and to investigate a pre-operative prediction model for microvascular invasion (MVI). Methods Clinico-pathological and survival data were collected from all patients who underwent liver resection for HCC at two tertiary referral centres (Royal North Shore/North Shore Private Hospitals and Westmead Hospital) from 1998 to 2012. An overall and disease-free survival analysis was performed and a predictive model for MVI identified. Results The total number of patients in this series was 125 and the 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates were 56% and 37%, respectively. MVI was the only factor to be independently associated with a poor prognosis on both overall and disease-free survival. Age ≥64 years, a serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) ≥400 ng/ml (×40 above normal) and tumor size ≥50 mm were independently associated with MVI. An MVI prediction model using these three pre-operative factors provides a good assessment of the risk of MVI. Conclusion MVI in the resected specimen of patients with HCC is associated with a poor prognosis. A preoperative MVI prediction model offers a useful way to identify patients at risk of relapse. However, more precise predictive models using molecular and genetic variables are needed to improve selection of patients most suitable for radical surgical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1576-1583
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hepatocellular cancer
  • Liver resection
  • Microvascular invasion

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