A proteomic view of cellular and molecular effects of cannabis

Morteza Abyadeh, Vivek Gupta*, Joao A. Paulo, Veer Gupta, Nitin Chitranshi, Angela Godinez, Danit Saks, Mafruha Hasan, Ardeshir Amirkhani, Matthew McKay, Ghasem H. Salekdeh, Paul A. Haynes, Stuart L. Graham, Mehdi Mirzaei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Cannabis (Cannabis sativa), popularly known as marijuana, is the most commonly used psychoactive substance and is considered illicit in most countries worldwide. However, a growing body of research has provided evidence of the therapeutic properties of chemical components of cannabis known as cannabinoids against several diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia and glaucoma; these have prompted changes in medicinal cannabis legislation. The relaxation of legal restrictions and increased socio-cultural acceptance has led to its increase in both medicinal and recreational usage. Several biochemically active components of cannabis have a range of effects on the biological system. There is an urgent need for more research to better understand the molecular and biochemical effects of cannabis at a cellular level, to understand fully its implications as a pharmaceutical drug. Proteomics technology is an efficient tool to rigorously elucidate the mechanistic effects of cannabis on the human body in a cell and tissue-specific manner, drawing conclusions associated with its toxicity as well as therapeutic benefits, safety and efficacy profiles. This review provides a comprehensive overview of both in vitro and in vivo proteomic studies involving the cellular and molecular effects of cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1411
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalBiomolecules
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Cannabidiol
  • Cannabinoids
  • Cannabis
  • Marijuana
  • Proteomics
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol

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