A randomized control trial of interventions in school-aged children with auditory processing disorders

Mridula Sharma, Suzanne C. Purdy, Andrea S. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The primary purpose of the study was to compare intervention approaches for children with auditory processing disorder (APD): bottom-up training including activities focused on auditory perception, discrimination, and phonological awareness, and top-down training including a range of language activities. Another purpose was to determine the benefits of personal FM systems. Design: The study is a randomized control trial where participants were allocated to groups receiving one of the two interventions, with and without personal FM, or to the no intervention group. The six-week intervention included weekly one-hour sessions with a therapist in the clinic, plus 12 hours per week of parent-directed homework. Study sample: 55 children (7 to 13 years) with APD participated in the study. Intervention outcomes included reading, language, and auditory processing. Results: Positive outcomes were observed for both training approaches and personal FM systems on several measures. Pre-intervention nonverbal IQ, age, and severity of APD did not influence outcomes. Performance of control group participants did not change when retested after the intervention period. Conclusions: Both intervention approaches were beneficial and there were additional benefits with the use of personal FM. Positive results were not limited to the areas specifically targeted by the interventions.

LanguageEnglish
Pages506-518
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Auditory Perceptual Disorders
Language
Auditory Perception
school
Reading
Teaching
Control Groups
School children
Auditory Processing
Group
homework
language
therapist
parents
discrimination

Cite this

@article{f4039fa7507c4fa284d0203ce179b72c,
title = "A randomized control trial of interventions in school-aged children with auditory processing disorders",
abstract = "Objective: The primary purpose of the study was to compare intervention approaches for children with auditory processing disorder (APD): bottom-up training including activities focused on auditory perception, discrimination, and phonological awareness, and top-down training including a range of language activities. Another purpose was to determine the benefits of personal FM systems. Design: The study is a randomized control trial where participants were allocated to groups receiving one of the two interventions, with and without personal FM, or to the no intervention group. The six-week intervention included weekly one-hour sessions with a therapist in the clinic, plus 12 hours per week of parent-directed homework. Study sample: 55 children (7 to 13 years) with APD participated in the study. Intervention outcomes included reading, language, and auditory processing. Results: Positive outcomes were observed for both training approaches and personal FM systems on several measures. Pre-intervention nonverbal IQ, age, and severity of APD did not influence outcomes. Performance of control group participants did not change when retested after the intervention period. Conclusions: Both intervention approaches were beneficial and there were additional benefits with the use of personal FM. Positive results were not limited to the areas specifically targeted by the interventions.",
author = "Mridula Sharma and Purdy, {Suzanne C.} and Kelly, {Andrea S.}",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
doi = "10.3109/14992027.2012.670272",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "506--518",
journal = "International Journal of Audiology",
issn = "1499-2027",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "7",

}

A randomized control trial of interventions in school-aged children with auditory processing disorders. / Sharma, Mridula; Purdy, Suzanne C.; Kelly, Andrea S.

In: International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 51, No. 7, 07.2012, p. 506-518.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A randomized control trial of interventions in school-aged children with auditory processing disorders

AU - Sharma, Mridula

AU - Purdy, Suzanne C.

AU - Kelly, Andrea S.

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - Objective: The primary purpose of the study was to compare intervention approaches for children with auditory processing disorder (APD): bottom-up training including activities focused on auditory perception, discrimination, and phonological awareness, and top-down training including a range of language activities. Another purpose was to determine the benefits of personal FM systems. Design: The study is a randomized control trial where participants were allocated to groups receiving one of the two interventions, with and without personal FM, or to the no intervention group. The six-week intervention included weekly one-hour sessions with a therapist in the clinic, plus 12 hours per week of parent-directed homework. Study sample: 55 children (7 to 13 years) with APD participated in the study. Intervention outcomes included reading, language, and auditory processing. Results: Positive outcomes were observed for both training approaches and personal FM systems on several measures. Pre-intervention nonverbal IQ, age, and severity of APD did not influence outcomes. Performance of control group participants did not change when retested after the intervention period. Conclusions: Both intervention approaches were beneficial and there were additional benefits with the use of personal FM. Positive results were not limited to the areas specifically targeted by the interventions.

AB - Objective: The primary purpose of the study was to compare intervention approaches for children with auditory processing disorder (APD): bottom-up training including activities focused on auditory perception, discrimination, and phonological awareness, and top-down training including a range of language activities. Another purpose was to determine the benefits of personal FM systems. Design: The study is a randomized control trial where participants were allocated to groups receiving one of the two interventions, with and without personal FM, or to the no intervention group. The six-week intervention included weekly one-hour sessions with a therapist in the clinic, plus 12 hours per week of parent-directed homework. Study sample: 55 children (7 to 13 years) with APD participated in the study. Intervention outcomes included reading, language, and auditory processing. Results: Positive outcomes were observed for both training approaches and personal FM systems on several measures. Pre-intervention nonverbal IQ, age, and severity of APD did not influence outcomes. Performance of control group participants did not change when retested after the intervention period. Conclusions: Both intervention approaches were beneficial and there were additional benefits with the use of personal FM. Positive results were not limited to the areas specifically targeted by the interventions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862224622&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/14992027.2012.670272

DO - 10.3109/14992027.2012.670272

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 506

EP - 518

JO - International Journal of Audiology

T2 - International Journal of Audiology

JF - International Journal of Audiology

SN - 1499-2027

IS - 7

ER -