A spectro-astrometric study of southern pre-main sequence stars binaries, outflows, and disc structure down to AU scales

M. Takami*, J. Bailey, A. Chrysostomou

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    87 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We present spectro-astrometric observations for 28 southern pre-main sequence (PMS) stars and investigate their circumstellar environment down to AU scales. The structures detected in the "position spectra" include: (1) almost all the known binary companions in our sample (Sz 68, Sz 41, HO Lup, VW Cha, S CrA, AS 205), (2) companion candidates which have not been detected by infrared speckle techniques (T CrA, MWC 300), (3) monopolar and bipolar jets (AS 353A, CS Cha), (4) a combination of jets and a bow shock (VV CrA), and (5) a combination of a jet and stellar companion (R CrA). Results in known binaries show that this technique is capable of detecting binaries with separations down to ∼ 10 milliarcsec. Both components in each binary appear to have strikingly similar profiles in Hα emission, indicating a similarity of circumstellar activity (mass accretion and/or a wind), and supporting the scenario of core fragmentation for the mechanism of binary formation. The bipolar Hα jet in CS Cha has a spatial scale of ∼1.5 AU, similar to that previously observed in RU Lup, and likely be heated by a mechanism other than shocks. From the spatial scale, velocity, and Hα luminosity, we estimate the mean hydrogen density in the AU-scale bipolar flows to be ≳107 cm-3. The bipolar geometry in these jets can be explained by the presence of a disc gap/hole at AU scales, which could be induced by a gas-giant planet at the ice condensation radius.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)675-691
    Number of pages17
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume397
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003

    Bibliographical note

    Erratum can be found in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 401(2), pp. 655-656, 2003.
    https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030234

    Keywords

    • Accretion, accretion discs
    • Line: formation
    • Line: profiles
    • Stars: activity
    • Stars: evolution
    • Stars: pre-main-sequence

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'A spectro-astrometric study of southern pre-main sequence stars binaries, outflows, and disc structure down to AU scales'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this