A statistical study of Galactic SNRs using the PMN survey

M. Stupar*, M. D. Filipović, Q. A. Parker, G. L. White, T. G. Pannuti, P. A. Jones

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Parkes-MIT-NRAO (PMN) radio survey has been used to generate a quasi all-sky study of Galactic Supernova Remnants (SNRs) at a common frequency of 4.85 GHz (λ=6 cm). We present flux densities estimated for the sample of 110 Southern Galactic SNRs (up to δ=-65°) observed with the Parkes 64-m radio telescope and an additional sample of 54 from the Northern PMN (up to δ=+64°) survey undertaken with the Green Bank 43-m (20 SNRs) and 91-m (34 SNRs) radio telescopes. Out of this total sample of 164 selected SNRs (representing 71% of the currently 231 known SNRs in the Green catalogue) we consider 138 to provide reliable estimates of flux density and surface brightness distribution. This sub-sample represents those SNRs which fall within carefully chosen selection criteria which minimises the effects of the known problems in establishing reliable fluxes from the PMN survey data. Our selection criteria are based on a judicious restriction of source angular size and telescope beam together with careful evaluation of fluxes on a case by case basis. Direct comparison of our new fluxes with independent literature values gives excellent overall agreement. This gives confidence in the newly derived PMN fluxes when the selection criteria are respected. We find a sharp drop off in the flux densities for Galactic SNRs beyond 4 Jy and then a fairly flat distribution from 5 to 9 Jy, a slight decline and a further flat distribution from 9 to 20 Jy though the numbers of SNR in each Jy bin are low. We also re-visit the contentious ∑-D (radio surface brightness-SNRs diameter) relation to determine a new power law index for a sub-sample of shell type SNRs which yields β=-2.2±0.6. This new evaluation of the ∑-D relation, applied to the restricted sample, provides new distance estimates and their Galactic scale height distribution. We find a peak in the SNR distribution between 7-11 kpc with most restricted to ±100 pc Galactic scale height.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-435
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysics and Space Science
Volume307
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • (ISM) supernova remnants surveys: radio (PMN)

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