Objective: This paper analyzes the fast and slow mechanisms of adaptation through a study of latencies and amplitudes on ABR recorded at high stimulation rates using the randomized stimulation and averaging (RSA) technique. Methods: The RSA technique allows a separate processing of auditory responses, and is used, in this study, to categorize responses according to the interstimulus interval (ISI) of their preceding stimulus. The fast and slow mechanisms of adaptation are analyzed by the separated responses methodology, whose underlying principles and mathematical basis are described in detail. Results: The morphology of the ABR is influenced by both fast and slow mechanisms of adaptation. These results are consistent with previous animal studies based on spike rate. Conclusions: Both fast and slow mechanisms of adaptation are present in all subjects. In addition, the distribution of the jitter and the sequencing of the stimuli may be critical parameters when obtaining reliable ABRs. Significance: The separated responses methodology enables for the first time the analysis of the fast and slow mechanisms of adaptation in ABR obtained at stimulation rates greater than 100. Hz. The non-invasive nature of this methodology is appropriate for its use in humans.
- Auditory brainstem response (ABR)
- Evoked potentials
- Interstimulus interval (ISI)
- Randomized stimulation and averaging (RSA)