A study of the circumgalactic medium at z ∼ 0.6 using damped Lyman α galaxies

Hadi Rahmani, Céline Péroux, David A. Turnshek, Sandhya M. Rao, Samuel Quiret, Timothy S. Hamilton, Varsha P. Kulkarni, Eric M. Monier, Tayyaba Zafar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the study of a sample of nine quasi-stellar object fields, with damped Lyman α (DLA) or sub-DLA systems at z ∼ 0.6, observed with the X-Shooter spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. By suitably positioning the X-Shooter slit based on high spatial resolution images of Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys we are able to detect absorbing galaxies in seven out of nine fields (∼78 per cent success rate) at impact parameters from 10 to 30 kpc. In five out of seven fields the absorbing galaxies are confirmed via detection of multiple emission lines at the redshift of DLAs where only one out of five also emits a faint continuum. In two out of these five fields we detect a second galaxy at the DLA redshift. Extinction corrected star formation rates (SFRs) of these DLA galaxies, estimated using their Hα fluxes, are in the range 0.3–6.7 M⊙ yr¯¹. The emission metallicities of these five DLA galaxies are estimated to be from 0.2 to 0.9 Z⊙. Based on the Voigt profile fits to absorption lines we find the metallicity of the absorbing neutral gas to be in a range of 0.05–0.6 Z⊙. The two remaining DLA galaxies are quiescent galaxies with SFR < 0.4 M⊙ yr¯¹ (3σ) presenting continuum emission but no emission lines. Using X-Shooter spectrum we estimate i-band absolute magnitude of −19.5 ± 0.2 for both these DLA galaxies that indicates they are sub-L⋆ galaxies. Comparing our results with that of other surveys in the literature we find a possible redshift evolution of the SFR of DLA galaxies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-1007
Number of pages28
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume463
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • galaxies: abundances
  • intergalactic medium
  • quasars: absorption lines

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