A survey of robotics and emotion: classifications and models of emotional interaction

Richard Savery, Gil Weinberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As emotion plays a growing role in robotic research it is crucial to develop methods to analyze and compare among the wide range of approaches. To this end we present a survey of 1427 IEEE and ACM publications that include robotics and emotion. This includes broad categorizations of trends in emotion input analysis, robot emotional expression, studies of emotional interaction and models for internal processing. We then focus on 232 papers that present internal processing of emotion, such as using a human's emotion for better interaction or turning environmental stimuli into an emotional drive for robotic path planning. We conducted constant comparison analysis of the 232 papers and arrived at three broad categorization metrics - emotional intelligence, emotional model and implementation - each including two or three subcategories. The subcategories address the algorithm used, emotional mapping, history, the emotional model, emotional categories, the role of emotion, the purpose of emotion and the platform. Our results show a diverse field of study, largely divided by the role of emotion in the system, either for improved interaction, or improved robotic performance. We also present multiple future opportunities for research and describe intrinsic challenges common in all publications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 29th IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN 2020)
Subtitle of host publicationRobots with heart, mind, and soul
Place of PublicationPiscataway, USA
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages986-993
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728160757
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (29th : 2020) - online
Duration: 31 Aug 20204 Sept 2020

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (29th : 2020)
Abbreviated titleRO-MAN 2020
Period31/08/204/09/20

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