A systematic literature review of the experiences and supports of students with autism spectrum disorder in post-secondary education

Anastasia H. Anderson*, Jennifer Stephenson, Mark Carter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Post-secondary students with ASD experience a range of academic and nonacademic difficulties and represent approximately one percent of the post secondary cohort. The purpose of this review is to conduct a systematic literature review of articles that examined the barriers, challenges, and benefits experienced by post-secondary students with ASD, and the supports and services provided to them, and also to analyze student satisfaction with those supports.

Method: Three databases were searched and articles were screened against eligibility criteria. The twenty-three studies (reported in twenty-nine articles) that met criteria were also assessed for quality. Data pertaining to the benefits, challenges, and barriers experienced, and student satisfaction with supports and services provided, were extracted and analyzed.

Results: The studies highlighted the diverse range of social, emotional and sensory difficulties experienced by students with ASD, and how those difficulties negatively impacted all aspects of their post-secondary education. Also, the supports provided were often incongruous with need and produced idiosyncratic benefits, demonstrating the need for individualized supports and novel solutions to be identified. Suggestions for future research were made.

Conclusions: While prior research on post secondary students with ASD is limited and geographically circumscribed, the current body of research suggests that students with ASD are often more concerned with non-academic issues than with their academic studies. Also, many postsecondary educational institutions were found proficient at providing traditional academic supports while non-academic supports and resources were often found inadequate. In addition, many students with ASD experienced anxiety or had poor advocacy skills and this impeded their ability to access available supports. Finally, students with ASD were found to be very diverse and to experience idiosyncratic responses to supports, suggesting that supports ideally needed to be individualized, ubiquitous, and continually monitored.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-53
Number of pages21
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • ASD
  • higher education
  • post-secondary education
  • experiences
  • educational supports

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