A Theoretical and Structural Investigation of Thiocarbon Anions

Zhongfang Chen*, Liam R. Sutton, Damian Moran, Andreas Hirsch, Walter Thiel, Paul Von Ragué Schleyer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Density functional theory energies, geometries, and population analyses as well as nucleus-independent chemical shifts (NICS) have been used to investigate the structural and magnetic evidence for cyclic CnS n2- and CnSn (n = 3-6) electron delocalization. Localized molecular orbital contributions to NICS, computed by the individual gauge for localized orbitals method, dissect π effects from the σ single bonds and lone pair influences. CnS n2- (n = 3-5) structures in Dnh symmetry are minima. Their aromaticity decreases with increasing ring size. C 3S32- is both σ and π aromatic, while C4S42- and C5S5 2- are much less aromatic. NICS(0)π, the C-C(π) contribution to NICS(0) (i.e., at the ring center), decreases gradually with ring size. In contrast, cyclic C6S62- prefers D2h symmetry due to the balance between aromaticity, strain energy, and the S-S bond energies and is as aromatic as benzene. The theoretical prediction that C6S66- has D6h minima was confirmed by X-ray structure analysis. Comparisons between thiocarbons and oxocarbons based on dissected NICS analysis show that CnSn 2- (n = 3-5) and C6S66- are less aromatic in Dnh symmetry than their oxocarbon analogues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8808-8814
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

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