A wide-angle scanning sub-terahertz leaky-wave antenna based on a multilayer dielectric image waveguide

Yalda Torabi, Gholamreza Dadashzadeh, Milad Hadeie, Homayoon Oraizi, Ali Lalbakhsh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
122 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a new layered dielectric leaky-wave antenna (LWA) for the sub-terahertz (THz) frequency range capable of efficient operation at the broadside with a wide beam scanning angle and stable gain. It consists of a conductor-backed alumina dielectric image line (DIL) with two different dielectric layers mounted on top of each other for performance improvement. The upper layer is a high permittivity RO6010 substrate to enhance the directivity as a superstrate and the lower layer is a low-permittivity RT/duroid 5880 substrate stacked on the alumina DIL to prevent the probable excitation of higher-order modes in the DIL channel. A 15-element linear array of radiating overlapped discs is used to mitigate the open stop-band (OSB) problem, fed by the mentioned waveguide, was designed and simulated at frequencies around 170 GHz. The dominant mode of the layered dielectric waveguide is perturbed by the infinite space harmonics generated by two sets of overlapped discs periodically sandwiched between the layers. It exhibited a relatively wide impedance bandwidth of 28.19% (157.5–206 GHz). Its radiation mechanism has been widely studied through simulations. The results revealed that the antenna provides a wide scanning capability through the broadside from −23 to 38, covering the frequency range between 157.5 GHz and 201.5 GHz. For an array with 15 radiating elements, the simulated peak gain in the band is 15 dBi and the broadside gain is 13.6 dBi at 172 GHz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2172
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • multilayer dielectric image waveguide
  • leaky-wave
  • sub-terahertz
  • open-stopband


Dive into the research topics of 'A wide-angle scanning sub-terahertz leaky-wave antenna based on a multilayer dielectric image waveguide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this