A world of lies

Toivo Aavik*, Maher Abu-Hilal, Farrukh Z. Ahmad, Ramadan A. Ahmed, Barbara Alarco, Benjamin Amponsah, Adnan Atoum, Hadi Bahrami, Peter Banton, Veronica Barca, M. Basualdo, Corina Benjet, Uma Bhowon, Charles F. Bond, Trevor I. Case, Letizia Caso, Derek Chadee, Robert Churney, Marjorie Courtoy, Hrach Datevyan & 71 others Dahourou Donatien, Cecilia Gastardo-Conaco, Guido Gendolla, M. Arif Ghayur, Vijai N. Giri, Raja Gunawardhane, Hyuseog Han, Maria Hartwig, Nida Ul Hasanat, Dora Herrera, Angelika Hofhansl, Roberta Holland, John Horgan, Shih Tseng Tina Huang, Rosnah Ismail, Tina Javahishvili, Lucy Johnston, Andreas Kapardis, Mujde Ker-Dincer, Maria Kerslake, Anna Khaltourina, Darya Khaltourina, Jennifer Ah Kion, Guenter Koehnken, Flora Kokkinaki, Mladen Koljatic, Aleksandra Kostik, Jenny Kurman, Kang Lee, Elena Levintsa, Ladislas Lovas, Jaume Masip, Carlos Ruiz Matuk, Annika Melinder, Harald Merckelbach, Rachi Messili, Lynden Miles, Patricia Thuli Mngadi, Margaret M. Munyae, Jasmina Nedeljkovic, Felix Neto, Marika Niemi, Shanta Niraula, George Nizharadze, Takashi Oka, D. E M O'Sullivan, Boguslaw Pawlowski, Marcos E. Pereira, Carolina Platon, Sandhya Rao, Shawn Reynolds, Bernard Rime, Olga Rodriguez, Ruthie Rono, Incze Roxana, Velko S. Rus, Marion Schulmeyer, Li Shu, Monica Silva, Roma Simulioniene, Iva Stuchlikova, Iva Sverko, Victoria Talwar, Therese M. Tchombe, Sonia Tifner, Colin Tredoux, Martin Voracek, Aldert Vrij, Kip Williams, Rex Wright, Yuching Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

218 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reports two worldwide studies of stereotypes about liars. These studies are carried out in 75 different countries and 43 different languages. In Study 1, participants respond to the open-ended question "How can you tell when people are lying?" In Study 2, participants complete a questionnaire about lying. These two studies reveal a dominant pan-cultural stereotype: that liars avert gaze. The authors identify other common beliefs and offer a social control interpretation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-74
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

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    Aavik, T., Abu-Hilal, M., Ahmad, F. Z., Ahmed, R. A., Alarco, B., Amponsah, B., ... Zhang, Y. (2006). A world of lies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37(1), 60-74. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022105282295