Ability evaluation by proxy

Role of maximal performance and related attributes in social comparison

René Martin*, Jerry Suls, Ladd Wheeler

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Four experiments tested the effects of information about a proxy's related attributes and maximal effort in social comparisons of ability. In Study 1, a proxy's prior performance at maximal effort exerted systematic effects on participants' personal performance predictions for a novel task. When information about the proxy's effort was ambiguous (Study 2), information about related attribute similarity was used in the formulation of performance predictions. In Studies 3 and 4, 2-way interaction terms revealed that participants used related attribute information in generating performance predictions when the proxy's maximum effort was unknown. However, related attribute information was disregarded when proxy's maximum effort was unambiguous. Results were consistent with the proxy comparison model of ability self-evaluation (L. Wheeler, R. Martin, & J. Suls. 1997).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)781-791
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
    Volume82
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2002

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