Ability evaluation by proxy

Role of maximal performance and related attributes in social comparison

René Martin*, Jerry Suls, Ladd Wheeler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four experiments tested the effects of information about a proxy's related attributes and maximal effort in social comparisons of ability. In Study 1, a proxy's prior performance at maximal effort exerted systematic effects on participants' personal performance predictions for a novel task. When information about the proxy's effort was ambiguous (Study 2), information about related attribute similarity was used in the formulation of performance predictions. In Studies 3 and 4, 2-way interaction terms revealed that participants used related attribute information in generating performance predictions when the proxy's maximum effort was unknown. However, related attribute information was disregarded when proxy's maximum effort was unambiguous. Results were consistent with the proxy comparison model of ability self-evaluation (L. Wheeler, R. Martin, & J. Suls. 1997).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-791
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2002

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