Accessible virtual reality therapy using portable media devices

Susan Bruck, Paul A. Watters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Simulated immersive environments displayed on large screens are a valuable therapeutic asset in the treatment of a range of psychological disorders. Permanent environments are expensive to build and maintain, require specialized clinician training and technical support and often have limited accessibility for clients. Ideally, virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) could be accessible to the broader community if we could use inexpensive hardware with specifically designed software. This study tested whether watching a handheld non-immersive media device causes nausea and other cybersickness responses. Using a repeated measure design we found that nausea, general discomfort, eyestrain, blurred vision and an increase in salivation significantly increased in response to handheld non-immersive media device exposure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-72
Number of pages4
JournalAnnual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • non-immersive portable media device
  • cybersickness
  • virtual reality exposure therapy


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