Accuracy in self-assessment: the role of ability, feedback, self-efficacy and goal orientation

Jodie R. Ng*, Joanne K. Earl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Self-estimates of ability have been shown to be generally inaccurate but still continue to be used in career decision-making. The present study investigates the role of feedback and individual differences in goal orientation and self-efficacy in determining accuracy of self-estimates. A total sample of 94 high school-aged students gave self-estimates of their ability and completed questionnaires regarding self-efficacy, goal orientation and feedback. Participants were categorised as over-estimators, under-estimators or accurate estimators according to the difference between their self-estimate of ability and an objective measure. Results indicated four main areas of feedback sources, and a positive relationship between ability and accuracy of self-estimates. Learning goal orientation and use of feedback were positively related; however their effects on accuracy of self-assessment were contrary to those hypothesised. Practical implications of these findings for career decision-making, as well as suggestions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-50
Number of pages12
JournalAustralian journal of career development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


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