This paper presents an accurate technique for the estimation of single-phase grid voltage fundamental amplitude and frequency. The technique consists of a quadrature signal generator (QSG) and a discrete Fourier transform (DFT). The frequency information required by the QSG based on a second-order generalized integrator (SOGI) is estimated using the spectral leakage property of the DFT. The presented DFT operation does not require real-time evaluation of trigonometric functions. The frequency estimation is less affected by the presence of harmonics when compared to similar techniques based on QSG-SOGI such as the phase-locked loop and the frequency-locked loop. Moreover, unlike these techniques, the DFT-based QSG-SOGI (DFT-SOGI) technique does not create any interdependent loops, thus increasing the overall stability and easing the tuning process. The effectiveness of the proposed technique has been validated on a real-time experimental setup.
- Discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
- grid voltage monitoring
- parameter estimation
- phase-locked loop (PLL)
- quadrature signal generator (QSG)
- second-order generalized integrator (SOGI)
- single-phase system