Accurate reactive power sharing strategy for droop-based islanded AC microgrids

Nabil Mohammed*, Abderezak Lashab, Mihai Ciobotaru, Josep M. Guerrero

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In islanded ac microgrids, the mismatched impedances of the interfacing feeders between the inverters and the load bus cause poor reactive power sharing when the conventional frequency and voltage droop control technique is employed. Such operation endangers the whole microgrid reliability as it may lead to overloading certain inverters and, consequently, triggering protection relays and causing cascaded failure. Thus, this article proposes an accurate reactive power sharing strategy that considers the mismatched feeder impedances in islanded ac microgrids. It is based on the optimal tuning of the virtual complex impedance for each inverter. The proposed strategy has several advantages. First, it has a physical meaning as it establishes an explicit relationship between the mismatched values of the actual resistive-inductive feeders and the assigned values for the proposed virtual complex impedance to each inverter. Hence, further degradations in the microgrid voltages are prevented. Second, there is no need for prior knowledge about the actual feeder impedances in the design stage as they are estimated online from the available measurements. Finally, the proposed control is reliable and fault-tolerant as it copes with unexpected failures such as failure of (or sudden switching off) some inverters and communication disruptions/delays. It ensures accurate power sharing even under the primary controllers after losing communication links with the secondary controller. The simulation and experimental verification results are presented to validate the performance of the proposed technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2696-2707
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

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