Hypertensive patients have an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. There is debate whether angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) offer similar reductions in CV risk.
This article discusses some of the recent evidence for the prevention of CV events and mortality with ACEIs and ARBs, and the rationale for using an ACEI as the preferred agent for comprehensive CV risk reduction in specific patient populations.
ACEIs and ARBs are structurally and functionally very different agents; they are not interchangeable. Prescriptions for ARBs are increasing in Australia. However, clinical trial evidence suggests possible advantages of ACEIs over ARBs, particularly in terms of survival benefit. Many patients with hypertension have other CV risk factors that may affect medication choice. The aim of treatment should not be just to lower blood pressure, but to reduce absolute CV risk.
|Number of pages
|Australian Family Physician
|Published - Sept 2013
- angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
- angiotensin receptor antagonists
- cardiovascular diseases
- risk assessment
- ANGIOTENSIN RECEPTOR BLOCKERS
- RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL