Achieving a balance between affordability, accessibility, accountability, sustainability and social justice

the early childhood education policies in Hong Kong

Weipeng Yang*, Jingying Wang, Hui Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since its return to China in 1997, Hong Kong has launched a series of large-scale reforms to establish a new post-colonial education system. Early childhood education (ECE), however, is totally privatised and independently regulated by the market mechanism. Reforming such a private market is thus a challenge to the educational authorities. In this chapter, we will examine the ECE policies that have been implemented (or proposed) from the year 1997 to 2015, through the ‘3A2S’ framework (Li, Wang, & Fong, Int J Chin Educ 3(2): 161–170, 2014). Analyses of the most recent data obtained from the governmental agencies indicate that: (1)The ECE market has been well regulated by the supply and demand mechanism.(2)All the subsidy measures share the aim of assuring children’s equal access to affordable ECE.(3)Self-evaluation and school improvement mechanism has been well established to promote the accountability of ECE.(4)Sustainability of ECE has been highlighted by the policymakers.(5)Social justice has been upheld in the policymaking process. All these findings jointly imply that Hong Kong might be a good case of study for the policymakers in other countries, as it has really achieved a balance between the affordability, accessibility, accountability, sustainability and social justice of ECE.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEarly childhood education policies in Asia Pacific
Subtitle of host publicationadvances in theory and practice
EditorsHui Li, Eunhye Park, Jennifer J. Chen
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Healthcare, Springer Nature
Chapter3
Pages51-71
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9789811015281
ISBN (Print)9789811015267
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameEducation in the Asia-Pacific Region: issues, concerns and prospects
Volume35
ISSN (Print)1573-5397
ISSN (Electronic)2214-9791

Keywords

  • Early Childhood Education
  • Education Bureau
  • Educational Authority
  • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
  • Kindergarten Teacher

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